Flora

Lilium_armenumAlpine region and altitude of the picks, different slopes, soil types, terrain features, and other attributes of the surroundings of the Lake basin had formed mosaic pattern of the Lake basin with vertical zoning.

There are about 1,619 species in total, out of which 17  are listed in the Red Book of Armenia: 23 endemics, 3 out of them are grown in the Sevan National Park area and 5 in the Lake basin. Approximately 60 plants are herbs, over 100 are edible.

The following plant species can be observed in the Lake Sevan basin: Isatis sevangensis (endemic), Sorbus hajastanica (endemic), Acantholimon gabrieljanae, Astragalus goktschaicus, Sorbus luristanica, Adonis wolgensis.

p166Isatis sevangensis  – endemic species of Armenia is on the verge of extinction due to economic development and recreational activities. It is a perennial herb in 30–50 cm length with ecological, biological and phytocoenological peculiarities. It vegetates in the upper mountain belt, at the altitudes of up to 2,200 meters above the sea level, on dry, stony slopes with flowering period in May, and fruiting from June to July. It could be found on the north–eastern shore of Lake Sevan (Daranak, Artanish). It was listed in the first edition of the Red Book of Armenia under Category 2: rare species.

post-17068-1334946377Adonis wolgensis – critically endangered species due to changes in habitat conditions (anthropogenic factor), has ecological, biological and phytocoenological peculiarities. In the Lake Sevan catchment basin it can be found on the Artanish peninnsula. It vegetates in the middle and upper mountain belts, at the altitude of up to 2,300 meters above the sea level, in mountain steppes with flowering period from May to June, and fruiting in July. It is a perennial herb, 15–30 cm high, ornamental plant, which deserves breeding for gardening.

Pleurotus_ostreatusfs-03There are 267 species of mushrooms in the Lake Sevan basin, of which about 100 are edible.The most common ones are listed herein and can be sold at market: oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus), pored mushroom (Suillus granulatus), saffron milk cap or red pine mushroom (Lactarius deliciosus),  chanterelle, golden chanterelle or girolle (Cantharellus cibarius), Scotch bonnet or fairy ring mushroom (Marasmius oreades), field mushroom or meadow mushroom (Agaricus campestris), horse mushroom (Agaricus arvensis), shaggy ink cap, lawyer’s wig, or shaggy mane (Coprinus comatus),  Agaricales (Tricholomataceae) – honey fungus (Armillaria mellea), field blewit and blue-leg (Lepista personata), grey knight or dirty tricholoma (Tricholoma terreum).

58 species of mushrooms are medicinal. 24 species are poisonous mushrooms: brown roll-rim, common roll-rim, or poison pax (Paxillus involutus), sulphur tuft, sulfur tuft or clustered woodlover (Hypholoma fasciculare), panther cap or false blusher (Amanita pantherina), yellow-staining mushroom or simply the yellow-stainer (Agaricus xanthodermus), inky cap (Coprinus picaceus), cortinar or webcap (Cortinarius), fimalentus (Inocybe), white-spored gilles mushrooms (Tricholoma) certain species of family, etc.

Since the Lake Sevan catchment area is not rich in forests, currently there are some programs launched which target tree planting and landscaping to enrich biodiversity of the Lake Basin. Besides, environmental protection programs are carried out here.

Fauna